Practice Area


Enter word in textbox that you want to search. Or select any character in index.

Fair Dealing

Use of works for purposes of private study, research, criticism, review or news reporting that does not constitute infringement of copyright. In Authors Guild v. Hathi Trust the court held that reproduction of extracts from books into scanned copies or other forms is covered under fair dealing. 


Specific sums payable for various services provided by the Indian Intellectual Property Office.

Financial Gain

Refers receipt, or expectation of receipt, of anything of value, including the receipt of other copyrighted works. 

First to file

A patent system in which the first inventor to file a patent application for a specific invention is entitled to the patent. In India and in most other countries, the first person to file has priority over other people claiming rights for the same invention. 


When a work is set in a tangible medium of expression. It occurs when a work's embodiment in a copy or phonorecord, by or under the authority of the author, is sufficiently permanent or stable to permit it to be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated for a period of more than transitory duration. A work consisting...

Food Service or Drinking Establishment

Refers to a restaurant, inn, bar, tavern, or any other similar place of business in which the public or patrons assemble for the primary purpose of being served food or drink, in which the majority of the gross square feet of space that is non-residential is used for that purpose, and in which non-dramatic musical works are...

Foreign Priority Information

Refers to information that includes the application number, country, and filing date of each foreign application for which priority is claimed, as well as any foreign application having a filing date before that of the application for which priority is claimed. 

Function Way Result Test

There are at least two alternate tests for infringement under the doctrine of equivalents. The function-way-result test considers "on a limitation by limitation basis" whether "the accused product performs substantially the same function in substantially the same way with substantially the same result as each claim...

Further Affiant Sayeth Naught

It is an Elizabethan Middle-English phrase meaning that the person testifying or giving a sworn written statement such as an affidavit or response to an interrogatory has no more to say about the matter.

FDDI: Fiber Distributed Data Interface

It is a standard for transmitting data on optical fibre cables at a rate of around 100,000,000 bits-per-second (10 times as fast as Ethernet, about twice as fast as T-3).

< Previous  |  Next >