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Joint application

An application in which the invention is presented as that of two or more persons.

Joint Inventor

An inventor who is named with at least one other inventor in a patent application, wherein each inventor contributes to the conception of the invention set forth in at least one claim in a patent application.

Joint Venture

An arrangement involving at least two business entities joining together for a specific business purpose, e.g. exploitation of particular IP rights, to enhance the productive potential of both companies. It may involve a new entity part owned by each participant (incorporated joint venture) or a contractual arrangement only...

Joint Work

It refers to a work prepared by two or more authors with the intention that their contributions be merged into inseparable or interdependent parts of a unitary whole. 

Jure uxoris

Means "in the right of a wife"

Juristic Person

It refers to and includes a firm, corporation, union, association, or other organization capable of suing and being sued in a court of law. 

Jus tertii

It refers to the right of a third person. The term is used to denote certain pleas that are not available as defenses. E.g., it is not open to one sued for trespass to land to allege that the plaintiff is not the true owner but that a third person is unless the trespasser is claiming right under such third person. 


Java is a network-oriented programming language invented by Sun Microsystems that is specifically designed for writing programs that can be safely downloaded to your computer through the Internet and immediately run without fear of viruses or other harm to your computer or files. 


JavaScript is a programming language that is mostly used in web pages, usually to add features that make the web page more interactive. When JavaScript is included in an HTML file it relies upon the browser to interpret the JavaScript. When JavaScript is combined with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS), and later versions of HTML...

JDK: Java Development Kit

It is a software development package from Sun Microsystems that implements the basic set of tools needed to write, test and debug Java applications and applets.

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