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Legal Realist

It refers to a person that follows the philosophy of Realistic Jurisprudence. 

Letters patent

Instrument issued by a government granting a right or conveying title to a private individual or organization.


It refers to a legal agreement granting someone permission to use a work for certain purposes or under certain conditions. A licence does not constitute a change in ownership of the copyright. 

Licencing an invention

Allowing a business or individual to manufacture and sell an invention, usually in exchange for royalties


If an entity is licensed by or with the authority of the owner to use the mark, and the owner has direct or indirect control over the character or quality of the wares or services with which the mark is used, then the licensee’s use of the mark or a trade-name including the mark is deemed to have, and to always have had, the...

Licensing a design

Granting of an exclusive licence from the owner of the design to another party that allows said party to manufacture, use and sell the design, and to sub-licence others to do so. 

Licensing of rights

Licensing of rights gives the licensee the right to use (but not own) the rights.

Literary work

It refers to work consisting of text such as novels, poems, song lyrics without music, catalogues, reports, tables as well as translations of such works. It also includes computer programs. 


A graphic representation or symbol of a company name or trademark, usually designed for ready recognition. The term has no legal significance in the law of trademark. 

LAN: Local Area Network

It is a computer network that interconnects computers in a limited area such as a home, school, computer laboratory, or office building using network media. 

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