Practice Area


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Maintenance fee (Industrial design)

Fee required maintaining the rights of an industrial design for a second five-year period for designs registered after January 1, 1994. 

Manner of manufacture

A legal term used to distinguish inventions which are patentable from those which are not. Artistic creations, mathematical methods, plans, schemes or other purely mental processes usually cannot be patented.

Marketing plan

A marketing plan defines a market and explains how the business will promote itself. The marketing plan could involve advertising, public relations, sponsorships and other promotional strategies.

Marking (Copyrights)

Indicating copyright with a small "c" in a circle (©), the name of the copyright owner and the year of first publication. 

Marking (Industrial design)

Signaling that a design is registered by placing a capital "D" in a circle along with the name, or abbreviation thereof, of the design's proprietor on the object to which the design has been applied, or to its label or packaging. 

Marking (Trade-marks)

India’s Trade-marks Act does not contain any marking requirements. However, trade-mark owners often indicate their registration through certain symbols, such as R in a circle (registered), TM (trade-mark) or SM (service mark). 

Markush Claims

It refers to a form of Patent Claim generally used for chemical compounds. See Ex parte Markush, 1925 Dec. Comm’r Pat. 126, 128 (1924)

Merely Descriptive

It refers to mark that describes an ingredient, quality, characteristic, function, feature, purpose or use of the specified goods or services 

Method Claim

It covers a way of doing something, usually expressed as a series of steps.

Misappropriation by Memory

It refers to the situation where a former employee has used a memorized trade secret. 

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