Practice Area


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Scope of a Claim

The scope of a patent is defined by its claims; claims list the essential elements of a particular invention; infringement springs from violations of claims; validity is a function of the claims of an invention compared to claims of a prior art.


The extent of protection granted by a patent.


The act of searching through intellectual property records in order to verify whether a patent, trade-mark or industrial design has been previously filed or registered. 

Sequence Listing

Has the same meaning as in the PCT sequence listing standard. 

Service Mark

Is a trademark used in some countries, notably the United States, to identify a service rather than a product. 

Sociological Jurisprudence

Refers to the philosophy where the rules of law are evaluated basis the social interests that they serve. 

Sound Recordings

Refer to works that result from the fixation of a series of musical, spoken, or other sounds, but not including the sounds accompanying a motion picture or other audiovisual work, regardless of the nature of the material objects, such as disks, tapes, or other phonorecords, in which they are embodied. 

Special Assumpsit

Refers to an express promise or contract. 


Part of the patent application. It includes a detailed description of the invention, claims specifying the aspects of the invention for which protection is sought, and the extent of the protection being sought 

Stamp Tax/Stam Duty

Refers to taxes that are charged on transfers of shares or property. 

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