Practice Area


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Technical Protection Measures

Refers to a form of Copy Protection that either control access to a work or protect a right of a copyright owner. A technological measure "effectively controls access to a work" if the measure, in the ordinary course of its operation, requires the application of information, or a process or a treatment, with the authority of...


A few words to describe the general nature of the invention. Should not contain anyone's name, a fancy name (e.g. 'The Simplex Wheel', 'The Hercules Braces') a trade name, the word 'patent' or the abbreviation 'etc.

Top Level Domain [TLD]

Is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet. For example, in the domain name, the top-level domain is com.

Trade mark

A trade mark is a sign used commercially to distinguish goods and services of one trader from those of another. It can be letters, numbers, words, colours, a phrase, sound, scent, logo, shape, picture, aspect of packaging or any combination of these. A registered trade mark gives the owner the exclusive right to use, license...

Trade Name

Refers to any name used by a person to identify his or her business or vocation

Trade name

The name under which a company chooses to operate. Trade names may or may not be considered trade-marks, depending on the circumstances. 

Trade secret

Information known to a trader and kept out of the public domain for business advantage. The law protects against damage done to a business through unauthorised disclosure of trade secrets, but not against independent discovery of the trade secret.

Trade-mark agent

A trade-mark agent is a person whose name is entered on the list of trade-mark agents and who is therefore entitled to practice before the Trade-marks Office. 

Trade-marks Journal

A publication of the Trade-marks Office issued weekly and containing all approved applications and Office rulings. 

Trade-marks register

The official listing of registered trade-marks. 

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